How Much Tax Do I Pay in Australia?

How Much Tax Do I Pay in Australia?: Comprehending the complexities of the Australian tax system is crucial for both people and businesses. 

Whether you’re a citizen, a temporary visitor, or a business owner, understanding how much tax you owe and how to meet your duties is critical for planning your finances and compliance.

In this detailed guide, we will explain the Australian tax system and provide you with a step-by-step plan to precisely determine your tax.  

Let’s take a tour of the Australian tax system together, making sure you do it legally and confidently!

Tax-free threshold: What is it?

The amount of money you may make in a financial year before having to pay taxes is known as the tax-free threshold. The current tax-free threshold for residents of Australia is $18,200.

This means that the first $18,200 of your income is tax-free, but any income beyond that level is subject to progressive taxation.

It also implies that you won’t be required to pay tax on any income you make up to this level if you make less than this—for instance, if you’re a student or work part-time.

How Much Tax Do I Pay in Australia?

It depends upon the income threshold. Depending on that, here’s how much you have to pay :

  • For income 0–$18,200, the tax rate is nil.
  • For income $18,201–$45,000, the tax rate is 19%.
  • For income $45,001–$120,000, the tax rate is 32.5%.
  • For income $120,001–$180,000, the tax rate is 37%.
  • For income $180,001 and over, the tax rate is 45%.

In addition, everyone earning more than the tax-free threshold must pay a 2% Medicare levy. It provides funding for Australia’s public health system.

Should I File a Return if My Income Is Below the Threshold?

It is the responsibility of every individual having a tax file number (TFN) to file a tax return or a “no return required” form. It is mandatory for all employed individuals to have a TFN.

For individuals whose income falls below the $18,200 taxable threshold and no tax has been withheld, a “no return required” form is necessary.

The ATO has the authority to impose a penalty of almost $900 on anyone who neglects to file their taxes.

When do I Need to File My Tax Return?

The deadline for filing your tax return is the 31st of October of each year.

However, if you choose to partner with a registered tax agent, they will  have access to special lodgment schedules and can file returns for clients after October 31. 

How to lodge your Tax Return?

To pay your tax or lodge your tax return, you can use myTax in your Australian Taxation Office (ATO) online services. Using myGov, you can access ATO online resources.

  • Visit MyGov, log in, and select the Australian Taxation Office.
  • Choose Tax, then Lodgments, and then Income Tax.
  • Here you can see the tax returns you need to file.

Additionally, you can file your tax return online with myTax by using the ATO app.

How Much Tax Do I Pay in Australia?
How Much Tax Do I Pay in Australia?

Regarding investments, what tax do I pay?

Capital gains tax (CGT) is the tax that must be paid on shares and cryptocurrencies.

The amount of CGT you will pay on your investments depends on how long you have owned them. 

You will be required to pay 100% of the capital gain at your income tax rate if you have owned the asset for less than a year. You will be required to pay 50% of the capital gain if you have owned the asset for more than a year. 

Capital gains are subject to the same tax rates as taxable income

For example, if you generate a $60,000 capital gain each year and earn $40,000 (the 32.5% tax bracket), you would be required to pay income tax for $100,000 (37% income tax) in addition to the 37% capital gains tax.


You can use your tax return to claim deductions for specific costs that you incurred throughout the year as a result of your employment activities. 

Many people receive a tax refund when they file their taxes because of these deductions, which lower your taxable income.

The most common deductions are those related to the money you spend on business expenses. Some of the deductions that you can be able to claim for are as follows:

  • Vehicle and travel expenses
  • Home office
  • Phone and internet
  • Clothing, laundry and dry-cleaning expenses
  • Self-education
  • Tools and equipment
  • Overtime meals
  • Managing tax affairs expenses

However, it’s a good idea to confirm with your tax advisor that whatever you want to claim is eligible first, and it’s crucial to have supporting paperwork and receipts for each and every claim. 

Keep in mind that you should only claim what you are entitled to. You are not allowed to deduct personal costs or items .

How Much Tax Do I Pay in Australia?


In conclusion, a key component of sound financial management is being aware of the Australian tax system. This guide has given you a thorough review of the numerous taxes, allowances, and deductions that influence your tax burden in Australia.

You can optimise your financial situation and meet your tax obligations with careful preparation and knowledgeable strategy. 

By taking charge of your tax issues, you are on your way to building a secure financial future in Australia!